As we make strides in electric vehicle technology, the cars are not only becoming more practical, but more reliable and—more importantly for the consumer—more affordable. With tax incentives and new charging stations being installed throughout Georgia, it's a good time to consider all your EV options.
The Three Types of Electric Vehicles
1. Battery Electric Vehicle
Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) have no gasoline engine and run exclusively on the energy stored in on-board batteries. These vehicles can run for 100 miles or more before recharging and include the Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi iMiEV, Ford Focus Electric and Tesla models.
2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are similar to hybrid vehicles with the addition of larger batteries that plug into the grid. This enables you to drive farther on electricity while adding the convenience of continued driving on gasoline. Examples include the Toyota Prius and Ford c-MAX.
3. Extended Range Electric Vehicle
Extended range electric vehicles (EREVs) have larger battery packs that allow for all-electric driving up to 40 miles. After battery depletion, the car uses a gasoline powered generator that allows extended range driving, up to 300-plus miles.
For more information on the different types of plug-in vehicles, visit GoElectricDrive*.
DOE Vehicle Comparison Calculator
Compare the total cost of ownership and emissions for most makes and models of vehicles by using the DOE Vehicle Comparison Calculator*.
Electric vehicles are built to be reliable vehicles and many auto manufacturers are backing up their vehicles through extended warranties. Look into the specific vehicle you are interested in and view the warranty of the vehicle as well as the warranty on the battery. Many of these are for 8-10 years and up to 100,000 miles.
Electric does not necessarily equal expensive! There are many options of vehicles available on the market as well as incentives that make the vehicles in line with, or even better than, an internal combustion engine. Also, when driving electric, think about the total cost of ownership, including fuel and maintenance. Electricity prices are far less price volatile and Georgia Power is regulated by the Public Service Commission. Also, battery electric vehicles have far less parts and require less maintenance.
Safety and Performance
Plug-in vehicles meet the same safety standards as gasoline-fueled vehicles. But some things are different. Electric drive engines accelerate quickly, but very quietly.
Of course you don't have to purchase a plug-in vehicle to experience all this. You could rent one and see how it feels. Contact Hertz* (or inquire at your preferred car rental agency) for plug-in car rentals in your area.
More Benefits of Owning an EV
Some tax and other incentives may be available when you own an Electric Vehicle. Be sure to explore your options to reap the full rewards.Federal Incentives
Tax Credit for Electric Vehicles—Up to $7,500—includes Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles as well as Battery Electric Vehicles. For more information, please go to http://www.afdc.energy.gov/laws/law/US/409*.State Incentives
Income Tax Credit of up to 20 percent of the cost of an electric car, maximum of $5,000—Battery Electric Vehicles eligible. You can find more information at http://www.afdc.energy.gov/laws/law/GA/5180*.HOV and HOT Lane Access
*By clicking on the link, you will leave georgiapower.com and be directly transferred to a third-party website not affiliated with Georgia Power Company. Georgia Power Company does not endorse or approve any third-party websites or its products, services or opinions. The terms and privacy policies of the third-party website will apply. Your use of the third-party website and its content is at your own risk.
Did You Know?
If 60% of U.S. vehicles were powered with electricity, there would be a 1/3 reduction in the amount of greenhouse gas emissions emitted by U.S. transportation. (Source: Natural Resources Defense Council).
Getting Plug-In Ready
Learn about the steps you can take to get plug-in ready.
Steps for Businesses
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