Space Heating Systems

Varying in design, efficiency and capacity, electric heating systems provide space heating, water heating (domestic, swimming pool, etc.), sterilization and other process heating needs. Often combined with space cooling systems, electric-powered heating systems offer the advantages of lower equipment and maintenance costs as well as safety and cleanliness.

General

Heating systems provide space heating, water heating (domestic, swimming pool, etc.), sterilization, and other process heating needs. These systems are often combined with space cooling systems. Heating can be accomplished using electric and fossil fuel sources.

There are three basic heating system designs: electric resistance, fuel fired and heat pump.

Electric resistance systems convert electricity to heat directly, with almost 100 percent efficiency.

Fuel-fired systems burn fuels in a boiler or heater under careful air/fuel control. The heat of combustion is recovered in some form of integral heat exchange to heat water, steam, or air.

Heat pumps recover and reuse energy by raising the temperature of the waste heat (i.e. water, outdoor or exhaust air, etc.) so that it can be reused. This heat is recovered in some form of integral heat exchange to heat water or air.


Electric resistance heating is generally the least expensive to install, simplest to install and operate, and safer than fuel-fired systems. But heat pumps are much more efficient and cost-effective alternative to electric resistance systems.